SELF EXAMINATION

Early detection can save your life

The best time to check yourself is once a month after a bath or shower, standing in front of a full-length mirror. Please use a hand-held mirror to help view areas that are difficult to see. If you notice any odd-looking mole or marking, contact your doctor as soon as possible. While the majority of skin cancers are actinic keratoses, basall cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma and easily treated, there is a chance that what you see is a melanoma – the most serious form of skin cancer.

How to examine yourself for skin cancer: 
  1. Examine your body front and back in the mirror, then your right and left sides while your arms are raised
  2. Bend your elbows. Look carefully at your forearms, back of your upper arms, and palms. Don’t forget to check your nails as well.
  3. Look at the backs of your legs and feet, the spaces between your toes, and soles.
  4. Examine the back of your neck and your scalp with a hand mirror. Don΄t forget the back of your ears. Part your hair and lift it or use a blowdryer.
  5. Finally, please check your back and buttocks with a hand mirror.
Screening with a dermatoscope

Skin Cancer Screening (in Germany)

Since 1 July 2008, the screening for persons covered by state health insurance is free for every two years in Germany. The examination will carry out by dermatologists or certificated general practioners.

In addition to the full body examination for skin cancer screening include a consultation on the patient's individual risk of illness and behavior tips to protect against skin cancer.

Objectives:

• Higher chance of recovery
• Better quality of life
• Less skin cancer

 


 

ABCD-Rule

A – Asymmetry
Melanoma (cancerous and malignant) lesions are typically irregular in shape (asymmetrical); benign (noncancerous and nonmalignant) are typically round (symmetrical).

B – Border
Melanoma lesions often have uneven borders (ragged or notched edges); benign moles have smooth, even borders.

C – Colour
Melanoma lesions often contain many shades of brown or black; benign moles are usually a single shade of brown.

D – Diameter
Melanoma lesions are often more than 0.2 inches in diameter; benign moles are usually less than 0.2 inches in diameter.